The Shia calendar, also known as the Hijri Shamsi calendar or the Iranian calendar, is a lunar calendar used primarily by Shia Muslims for religious and cultural purposes. It is based on the observation of the moon’s phases and is named after the migration (Hijra) of Prophet Muhammad from Mecca to Medina.
The Shia calendar consists of 12 months, each with either 29 or 30 days, adding up to a total of 354 or 355 days in a year. This makes it approximately 10 to 11 days shorter than the Gregorian calendar, which is a solar calendar commonly used in the Western world.
The first month of the Shia calendar is Muharram, and the second month is Safar. The most significant event in the month of Muharram for Shia Muslims is the commemoration of the martyrdom of Imam Hussein, the grandson of Prophet Muhammad, at the Battle of Karbala in 680 AD. This event is known as Ashura and is a time of mourning and reflection for Shia Muslims.
The Shia calendar also includes other important events and religious observances throughout the year, such as the birth and death anniversaries of various Imams (spiritual leaders), as well as other historical events significant to Shia Islam.
It’s worth noting that the Shia calendar is mainly followed by Shia communities in Iran, Iraq, Bahrain, Lebanon, and some parts of South Asia, while Sunni Muslims primarily use the Islamic lunar calendar (Hijri calendar) but may have regional variations in their observances.
Shia calendar is based on a year of 12 months such as Muḥarram, Ṣafar, Rabīʿ al-Awwal, Rabīʿ al-Thānī, Jumādā al-Awwal, Jumādā al-Thānī, Rajab, Shaʿbān, Ramaḍān (the month of fasting), Shawwāl, Dhū al-Qaʿdah, and Dhū al-Ḥijjah.
What is the Shia Islamic date today?
To find the Shia islamic date today, you check here date and month-wise shia calendar for muslim communities.
Shia Calendar January 2023
Shia Calendar February 2023
Shia Calendar March 2023
Shia Calendar April 2023
Shia Calendar May 2023
Shia Calendar June 2023
Shia Calendar July 2023
Shia Calendar August 2023
Shia Calendar September 2023
Shia Calendar October 2023
Shia Calendar November 2023
Shia Calendar December 2023